Today is the World Wetlands Day, marking the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on February 2, 1971. They signed an international agreement at the Ramsar Convention in Iran.
To commemorate the adoption of the Ramsar Convention at an international meeting held in Ramsar, a small town in Iran, on February 2, 1971. It is dedicated to the conservation of internationally important wild waters, especially waterfowl habitats, in order to preserve biodiversity.
The Convention provides for a very wide range of ecosystems that can be considered as wetlands. This includes, but is not limited to, any permanent or temporary area covered with salty water or freshwater that provides habitats for native or endangered species. The Convention covers not only natural but also artificial wetlands (e.g. fish ponds).
The acceding countries are obliged to protect their nature reserves and to implement a management and land use strategy that ensures the long-term survival of the given ecosystem.
Hungary acceded to the Ramsar Convention in 1979. There are currently 29 areas on the list. These areas are not only important for the native flora and fauna, but also provide an important resting and feeding place for migratory birds.